Here you can read about thyroid symptoms. We will also tell you more about thyroid disorders. Thyroid disorders are more common in women, but they can occur in men and children, too. Thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones that are extremely important for your metabolism. These hormones are called “thyroid hormones”, often referred to as T3 and T4. Thyroid can become under-active and produce insufficient amount of these hormones. This is what we call hypothyroidism. If the gland becomes overactive, this is called hyperthyroidism.
Hypothyroidism means that the thyroid is under-active. The symptoms of hypothyroidism usually include depression, exhaustion, fatigue, excessive weight gain (usually unexplained), inability to concentrate, skin dryness, hair loss, increased sensitivity to cold, menstrual cycle disorders in women, frequent periods, and infertility.
Hypothyroidism can be caused by various factors. People who have had thyroid removal may experience hypothyroidism as a side effect of the surgery. Hypothyroidism is treated with hormone replacement therapy. In some cases, this therapy can last for the rest of one’s life.
Hyperthyroidism means that the thyroid is overactive. This type of thyroid disorder can be treated in several ways. Sometimes, it can cause very dangerous conditions, like thyroid storm, for example. It is important to recognize hyperthyroidism symptoms in time.
Hyperthyroidism symptoms include irritability, anxiety, and nervousness, skin thinning, increased sweating, tremors, insomnia, rapid heartbeat, increased appetite, weight loss, and menstrual cycle disorders (less frequent periods).
Hypothyroidism can be caused by several factors. It can be congenital, meaning that a person is born with it. Certain illnesses can lead to hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism can also be caused by certain medications. Thyroid gland inflammation can result in hypothyroidism.
Hyperthyroidism can be caused by pituitary adenoma, certain medications, and several more factors. Thyroid cancer is another serious problem that may occur in people who have thyroid disorders. Thyroid cancer is usually treated with surgery. Thyroid surgery is sometimes the only way to solve the problem with thyroid gland. In some cases, only one part of the gland is removed. This is called partial thyroidectomy. If the whole gland is removed, this is called total thyroidectomy. Both types of surgery can have side effects. Hypothyroidism is the most common side effect of these surgeries. However, thyroid removal is sometimes the only option. We hope this article was helpful. If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above, visit your doctor.